Day 405 Other reactors????????

The lead story today was found at ENENEWS at:

http://enenews.com/must-see-report-introduced-by-top-govt-official-hosono-actually-other-reactors-are-all-in-considerably-severe-condition-besides-fukushima-daiichi-14-reactors-total-dai-ni-onagawa-tokai

The most important part comes at 11:20. 

Fukushima Report Introduced by Top Official Hosono: “Other reactors are all in considerably severe condition” — 14 total; Dai-ni, Onagawa, Tokai — “Extreme situations, though not much has been broadcast” (VIDEO)

Title: Lessons Learned From Fukushima Dai-ichi (1. Press Conference. 2011. 10. 28)
Author: Kenichi Ohmae, Nuclear engineer
Date Uploaded: Mar 21, 2012
Uploaded by: by H2OProjectBBT

As a nuclear core designer and someone who earned a Ph.D. from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in nuclear engineering, I volunteered to look into the situation at Fukushima No. 1 in June of 2011. Mr. Goushi Hosono, minister of nuclear power and environment, personally gave me access to the information and personnel who were directly involved in the containment operations of the postdisaster nuclear plants. After three months of investigation, I analyzed and wrote a long report detailing minute by minute how the nuclear reactors were actually disabled –Japan Times

At 11:20 in

Kenichi Ohmae, Nuclear Engineer: This is sheet two. This chart shows equipment loss of all the nuclear reactors such as power supply of AC/DC.

Therefore, there may be many people with the impression that Fukushima Dai-ichi reactor 1 to 4 are in the most severe difficulties, but actually, other reactors are all in considerably severe condition with the external power, or emergency power devices.

The red marked devices are broken.

Regardless of such extreme situations, though not much has been broadcast, as you will find in the sheet, in all reactors except for one, two, three, and four of Fukushima Dai-ichi, cold shutdown occurred well until the end.

[…]

Special thanks to: Ms Jewel Naruse Ms Seiko Toyama Mr. Curtis Hoffmann Ms Keiko Sato

Read the final report here

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Mr. Ohmae’s report:

Fukushima: Probability theory is unsafe

By KENICHI OHMAE
Special to The Japan Times

A year has now passed since the complete core meltdowns of three boiling water reactors at Tokyo Electric Power Co.’s Fukushima No. 1 plant. Because of the limited and biased information issued by the Japanese government, the world does not know what really happened when the earthquake and the tsunami hit the six Fukushima nuclear reactors. There are many important lessons that must be learned to avoid a future disaster. These lessons can be applied to all the nuclear reactors globally. People around the world deserve the right to know what happened.

News photo
Explaining the disaster: Plant manager Takeshi Takahashi of Tepco’s Fukushima No. 1 nuclear power plant talks to journalists in Okuma, Fukushima Prefecture, on Feb. 28. Members of the media were allowed into the plant for a tour ahead of the one-year anniversary of the March 11, 2011, disaster. AP

As a nuclear core designer and someone who earned a Ph.D. from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in nuclear engineering, I volunteered to look into the situation at Fukushima No. 1 in June of 2011. Mr. Goushi Hosono, minister of nuclear power and environment, personally gave me access to the information and personnel who were directly involved in the containment operations of the postdisaster nuclear plants. After three months of investigation, I analyzed and wrote a long report detailing minute by minute how the nuclear reactors were actually disabled (pr.bbt757.com/eng/)

Here are the highlights of my findings:

Article continues at:

http://www.japantimes.co.jp/text/eo20120418a4.html

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Interesting comments on the web today about Mr. Ohmae’s report. (Love the last one!):

     The problem could be best stated as : business greed (ie: profit vs safety) + scientific arrogance (ie: overestimation of ability/tech capability) = Inappropriate risk factor analysis due to aforementioned drivers = Massive Fail for Humanity (usually known as “Privatize Profit, Socialize Losses)
     Just because it achieves cold shutdown does not mean people may still not die or contamination may still not occur. 
Gas plants can also still blow up, as we saw in Chiba after Tohoku, so no tech is completely safe. But here is relatively safe, and not really safe but we’ll call it safe and promote the hell out of it as safe.
     But I don’t see a problem with demanding that a core condition of operating a nuke plant is that it has a 100% fail safe shutdown mode, or don’t put it into production. Instead what we have is a game of russian roulette with a dodgy tech, and the risk has been offloaded to the public.Great article. I think the one unwritten and incorrect assumption that Mr. Ohmae makes is assuming that nuclear power is necessary.
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File this under a thickly sarcastic, “Lovely.”

Fukushima – Could 85 Times More Cesium than Chernobyl be Released?

http://www.nuclearfreeplanet.org/fukushima—could-85-times-more-cesium-than-chernobyl-be-released.html

Published on Apr 19, 2012

Let’s go over the basics again folks:

More bad news coming from the crippled Fukushima nuclear plant in Japan. While speaking to Swiss lawmakers last month – Japan’s former ambassador to Switzerland, Mitsuhei Murata, warned that if the building housing reactor four at the plant were to collapse – as many officials fear might happen – then it would lead to a global catastrophe like the world has never seen before. As Reader Supported News reports – a former official with the U.S. Department of Energy commented on the consequences of a building collapse around reactor four saying, “If an earthquake or other event were to cause this pool to drain this could result in a catastrophic radiological fire involving nearly 10 times the amount of Cs-137 released by the Chernobyl accident.” And if that fire were to consume the thousands of other radioactive spent fuel rods at the Fukushima plant – then the radiological event could be 85-times greater than the Chernobyl disaster. So just how dangerous is the situation still at the Fukushima plant – and what are the consequences for the United States? Kevin Kamps if back – he is the Nuclear Waste Watchdog at Beyond Nuclear.

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Japan Gov’t: Monitoring shows relatively high radiation dose rate in Chiba ~200km from Fukushima; Tochigi, Gunma too — Necessary to continuously confirm accumulation and migration of radioactive substances

Title: Results of the Research on Distribution of Radioactive Substances Discharged by the Accident at TEPCO’s Fukushima Dai-ichi NPP (PDF:5203KB)
Source: MEXT: Monitoring information of environmental radioactivity level
Date Published: April 20,2012

Next Challenges

MEXT conducting the second investigation about the distribution status of radioactive substances

○Only a part of the results of I-131 analysis are obtained.
○Only 100 sampling points of Pu and Sr are analysed.

>> The radioactive substances contained in soil need further to be investigated for the detailed check of the diffusion condition of radioactive substances.

○The results of aerial monitoring indicate a relatively high dose rate in Tochigi, Gunma,
Chiba prefecture.

>> There is need to expand the area of soil survey.

○The accumulation status of the radioactive substances on the ground surface significantly change due to the influences of rain and storm, etc.

>> It is necessary to confirm the status on accumulation and migration of radioactive substances continuously.

Article continues at:

http://enenews.com/japan-govt-monitoring-indicates-relatively-high-radiation-dose-rate-in-chiba-tochigi-gunma-200km-from-fukushima-daiichi-it-is-necessary-to-confirm-the-status-on-accumulation-and-migration-o

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Hey, California… we’re just spreading the wealth….

Gundersen: Cesium-134 and -137 detected in Southern California pollen sample — “When you find them both together that’s a Fukushima signature” (VIDEO)

Title: The Fukushima Nuclear Disaster – One Year Later
Source: Arnie Gundersen, Fairewinds Nuclear Expert
Uploaded by: ChrisNolandTV
Upload Date: Apr. 18, 2012

At 39:30 in

We also have samples that indicate in Southern California, we have one sample that also picked up cesium in cedar pollen […]

We did have someone send us cedar samples that did indicate in South California that we had picked up both cesium-137 and cesium-134. When you find them both together that’s a Fukushima signature.

Article continues at:

http://enenews.com/gundersen-cesium-134-137-detected-southern-california-pollen-when-find-both-together-fukushima-signature-video

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Despite cost, adherence to gov’t nuclear fuel reprocessing policy still seen

Estimates released April 19 by the Japan Atomic Energy Commission (JAEC) have shown that the government’s policy of reprocessing all spent nuclear fuel generated at nuclear power plants across Japan would cost more than burying a portion of the fuel underground. Yet a number of government and nuclear power plant officials remain firmly attached to the policy of reprocessing fuel, and the barriers to changing the nation’s policy on fuel reprocessing are high.

Article continues at:

http://mainichi.jp/english/english/newsselect/news/20120420p2a00m0na025000c.html

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More Japanese share meals with families after quake: survey

http://english.kyodonews.jp/news/2012/04/153934.html

TOKYO, April 20, Kyodo

The ratio of Japanese who ate dinner with their families almost every day in 2011 rose 15 percentage points from a year earlier to 72 percent apparently because they felt the importance of family bonds following the March 2011 earthquake and tsunami, a Cabinet Office survey showed Friday.

The ratio of those who ate breakfast with their relatives grew 10 percentage points to 60 percent, according to the survey. A government official said the results suggested many people ”rediscovered the importance of their families” in the wake of the disasters.

The Cabinet Office conducted the survey in December on 3,000 people, of whom 62 percent responded. The office asked the questions to those who lived with relatives.

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70% of farmers tilling land again

Jiji

Some 70 percent of the farmers in nine prefectures hit by the March 11 earthquake, tsunami and nuclear crisis last year have resumed farming, according to the agriculture ministry.

In Aomori, Ibaraki, Tochigi, Chiba and Niigata prefectures, all farmers had returned to work as of March 11 this year, the ministry said.

More than 90 percent of the growers in Nagano and Iwate have resumed operations, while only 54.2 percent of farmers in Miyagi and 56.0 percent in Fukushima have decided to resume farming since the calamity.

Article continues at:
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Over at EX-SKF today, lots of photos of Reactors 2 & 3.

Mind the Gap in #Fukushima Reactor 3 Containment Vessel Equipment Hatch

TEPCO now admits that there is a gap in the shield plug on the Containment Vessel of Reactor 3, and the water may have leaked from the equipment hatch flange into the reactor building.

What a surprise. Last November, TEPCO sent a Packbot inside the Reactor 3 building and had it survey the guide rails in front of the same equipment hatch. The robot detected the maximum 1.6 sievert/hour radiation, and the guide rails filled with water and sludge-like material. The robot was seen trying to wipe off the water with cloth. There was no further announcement from TEPCO on this, until today (April 19, 2012).

Article continues at:

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Professor Yukio Hayakawa Takes a “Radioactive Walk” In Abiko City and Kashiwa City in Chiba

The Gunma University professor took a walk in part of Abiko City and Kashiwa City, in the so-called “Tokatsu area” in the northwest corner of Chiba Prefecture with elevated radiation levels.

He says there is a statistically significant difference between the radiation levels on the ground levels and the levels at 1 meter off the ground, with the levels at 1 meter off the ground 20 to 30% less than at the ground levels.

The radiation levels of “black dust” he found along the way (in microsievert/hour):

2.676
3.767
2.489
1.556

Article continues at:

http://ex-skf.blogspot.jp/2012/04/professor-yukio-hayakawa-takes_19.html

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From ENENEWS at:

MSNBC: Fukushima radiation “much higher than expected” says biologist — Negative effects to happen quicker than at Chernobyl… and be worse

Title: World News – Fewer female birds after Chernobyl, study finds; same true at Fukushima?
Source: msnbc.com
Author: Miguel Llanos
Date: Apr. 19, 2012
Emphasis Added

Scientists are focusing on Japan’s Fukushima area after a study published this week found analarming development at another nuclear disaster site — Chernobyl.The proportion of female birds has fallen off since the 1986 disaster at Chernobyl, the study found […]

[Study co-author Tim Mousseau, a University of South Carolina biologist is] expecting even worse results at Fukushima. […]

Mousseau interviewed by msnbc.com

  • “The Chernobyl zone is a population sink, or an ecological trap, that brings in new birds each year but these birds suffer lower survival”
  • “In the more contaminated areas, most birds were yearlings, suggesting that survival rates were significantly lower in these areas than in clean ones”
  • [At Fukushima] “our expectation was thatit would take many years and many generations of exposure for the cumulative effects” to show as they have in Chernobyl
  • However, once we started our field work we realized that contamination levels were much higher than expected, even in July when we did our surveys and it is likely that doses to these birds were very high in March and April when many of the birds were arriving to the area to initiate breeding”
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Fairewinds gets a new website!
If you haven’t seen all of Arnie Gundersen’s reports since 3.11, you should. His explanations of basic reactor structures and the conditions at Fukushima are easy to follow and reliable. You can find them at:
(h/t ENENEWS)
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