Day 350 Toto, it’s not just in Kansas anymore

For readers in the U.S….

USGS Paper: “Wet Deposition of Fission-Product Isotopes to North America from the Fukushima Dai-ichi Incident, March 2011”

The paper by Wetherbee, Gregory A. et al was published online on February 22, 2012 ahead of the print, on Environmental Science and Technology.

Abstract, from Environmental Science and Technology (emphasis is mine):

Using the infrastructure of the National Atmospheric Deposition Program (NADP), numerous measurements of radionuclide wet deposition over North America were made for 167 NADP sites before and after the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Station incident of March 12, 2011. For the period from March 8 through April 5, 2011, wet-only precipitation samples were collected by NADP and analyzed for fission-product isotopes within whole-water and filterable solid samples by the United States Geological Survey using gamma spectrometry.

Variable amounts of 131I, 134Cs, or 137Cs were measured at approximately 21% of sampled NADP sites distributed widely across the contiguous United States and Alaska. Calculated 1- to 2-week individual radionuclide deposition fluxes ranged from 0.47 to 5100 Becquerels per square meter during the sampling period. Wet deposition activity was small compared to measured activity already present in U.S. soil. NADP networks responded to this complex disaster, and provided scientifically valid measurements that are comparable and complementary to other networks in North America and Europe.

The map above the abstract at Environmental Science and Technology indicates cesium-137 deposition between 0.8 to 240 becquerels/square meter. But without seeing the paper I have no idea how the numbers on the map are related to the numbers in the abstract. (My guess is that the numbers in the abstract, particularly the high number, include iodine-131.)

For more about the paper, here’s USGS webpage on the NADP.

USGS press release on February 22, 2012 regarding the paper is here.

Open-File Report detailing the results and methodology is here.

Here’s an interesting map at USGS page on the NADP. Green dots represent the NADP sites, and”Dot size represents relative deposition amounts. Fallout amounts measured in precipitation by USGS provide a clearer picture of fission-product wet deposition across the USA.”

.

⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄

.

Portland-area had highest Iodine-131 deposition in US at 5,100 Bq/m² by April 5 -Gov’t Study

Title: Fission Products in National Atmospheric Deposition Program—Wet Deposition Samples Prior to and Following the Fukushima Dai-Ichi Nuclear Power Plant Incident, March 8–April 5, 2011
Source: U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey
Authors: Gregory A. Wetherbee, Timothy M. Debey, Mark A. Nilles, Christopher M.B. Lehmann, and David A. Gay
Date: Feb. 21, 2012
Emphasis Added

I-131 was quantified and adjusted for decay to the time of sample collection for five whole-water wet-deposition samples from California, Colorado, and Washington. The activities of the quantified I-131 ranged from 29.6 to 1,090 pCi/L, and calculated deposition values ranged from 211 to 5,100 Bq/m2. Several weeks transpired between sample collection and analysis of the I-131 in the water samples, which were prioritized for analysis from west (high priority) to east (low priority). Therefore, I-131 activities likely decayed in most of the samples before they could be measured.

WA98:

.

⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄

.

USGS: Los Angeles area had highest cesium deposition in US after Fukushima

http://enenews.com/usgs-southern-california-area-had-highest-cesium-deposition-in-us-from-fukushima

Title: Fission Products in National Atmospheric Deposition Program—Wet Deposition Samples Prior to and Following the Fukushima Dai-Ichi Nuclear Power Plant Incident, March 8–April 5, 2011

Source: U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey
Authors: By Gregory A. Wetherbee, Timothy M. Debey, Mark A. Nilles, Christopher M.B. Lehmann, and David A. Gay
Date: Feb. 21, 2012

[…] Cs-134 activities were quantified for 23 samples from Alaska, California, Colorado, Illinois, Minnesota, Missouri, New York, South Dakota, Tennessee, Vermont, Washington, and Wyoming. The Cs-134 ranged from 0.40 to 55 pCi/L, and deposition values ranged from 0.47 to 180 Bq/m2. Cs-134 values reported for all but one site (CO90 near Nederland, Colo.) have substantial error because they were manually estimated from the gamma-ray spectra. Cs-137 activities were quantified for 33 samples from Alaska, California, Colorado, Illinois, Maryland, Michigan, Minnessota, Missouri, Montana, New York, Oregon, South Dakota, Tennessee, Virginia, Vermont, Washington, Wisconsin, and Wyoming. These samples ranged from 0.70 pCi/L to 39 pCi/L, and calculated deposition values ranged from 0.78 to 240 Bq/m2. Cs-134 and Cs-137 activities were not adjusted for decay to date of sample collection because radioactive decay during the 2-month period between collection and analysis was negligible for these isotopes. […]

286 Bq/m2 of radioactive cesium was deposited by April 5 according to the monitoring station 20 miles east of Los Angeles (See CA42)

Title: Fukushima Daiichi
Source: Ornage County Register
Author: Pat Brennan
Date: Feb 22, 2012

[…] Computer models show air flow from the Pacific over the monitoring station, in a remote area near Ontario.

“That was a place where the air masses seemed to converge, and come right across Southern California,” said study author Greg Wetherbee, a chemist who works with the National Atmospheric Deposition Program at the U.S. Geological Survey. “And it happened to rain.” […]

Read the report here

.

⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄

.

Gov’t to demand resignation of entire TEPCO board

TEPCO Chairman Tsunehisa Katsumata is pictured during a Diet session on Feb. 15, 2012. (Mainichi)

TEPCO Chairman Tsunehisa Katsumata is pictured during a Diet session on Feb. 15, 2012. (Mainichi)

The government is set to demand that all 17 board members of Tokyo Electric Power Co. (TEPCO), operator of the crippled Fukushima nuclear plant, resign at the utility’s next shareholder meeting in June, government sources said.

In return for the planned infusion of about 1 trillion yen in public funds, officials have deemed it necessary to replace all TEPCO’s board members to clarify their responsibility for the nuclear crisis.

The plan will be incorporated into a comprehensive business plan that the government-backed Nuclear Damage Liability Facilitation Fund (NDF) and TEPCO will work out in March.

The government will force TEPCO Chairman Tsunehisa Katsumata, who has announced his intention to step down, to give up his retirement allowance, and halve the number of the utility’s board members.

The government intends to appoint an outsider such as a private company president to replace Katsumata.

Many government and NDF officials are calling for the appointment of younger TEPCO employees to the board, citing the need for a smooth handover of the handling of nuclear crisis compensation. NDF and other relevant bodies are selecting deputy general managers and department managers at the TEPCO headquarters as well as branch managers to fill positions on the board excluding chairman.

Economy, Trade and Industry Minister Yukio Edano has apparently deemed it necessary for not only the TEPCO president and chairman but the entire board to step down to avoid giving the public the impression that the infusion of public funds is aimed solely at bailing out the utility, according to government sources.

(Mainichi Japan) February 25, 2012

.

⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄

.

News

High radiation level logged in town near Fukushima plant

The government's new radiation contamination map site is seen in this screen capture taken on Oct. 18. (Mainichi)

The government’s new radiation contamination map site is seen in this screen capture taken on Oct. 18. (Mainichi)

TOKYO (Kyodo) — High levels of radiation have been detected in municipalities in evacuation zones around the crippled Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant, with the highest reading of 470 millisieverts per year recorded in one town, a midterm report on an Environment Ministry survey showed Friday.

A survey conducted between Nov. 7 and Jan. 16 showed that the annual readings topped 50 millisieverts — a level deemed uninhabitable under a proposed new classification — in many spots north-northwest of the plant that was crippled by the March 2011 earthquake and tsunami.

The highest level of 470 millisieverts was logged at a spot in Futaba, northwest of the plant, while the lowest level of 5.8 millisieverts was detected in another part of the same town, the survey said.

[snip]

Meanwhile, the Environment Ministry also said that high levels of radioactive cesium have been detected in ash and firewood in eight prefectures in the Tohoku and Kanto regions, with the highest reading of 240,000 becquerels per kilogram measured in ash from a household in Minamisoma, Fukushima Prefecture.

In a survey conducted on ash and firewood from 65 households, 163,000 becquerels of cesium was also detected in ash from a household in Kawamata in Fukushima. At two households in the prefecture, firewood from around the houses had been collected and used for boiling bathwater.

Read the entire article at:

http://mdn.mainichi.jp/mdnnews/news/20120225p2g00m0dm015000c.html

.

⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄

.

Fukushima I Nuke Plant Reactor 2 RPV: Temperatures at Bottom Seen Rising, Diverging

Something is going on inside or outside Reactor 2 Pressure Vessel. Either more thermocouples could be failing, or those that were deemed failed weren’t failing.

Here’s the latest temperature reading of the Reactor 2 RPV bottom from TEPCO (2/24/2012):

Notice:

  1. Gradual temperature divergence between 69H2 (now the “official” temperature gauge of the RPV bottom after 69H1 at 0-degree supposedly “failed”) and 69H3 (first 2 columns after the date and time column). Up till February 22, the temperature difference between these two thermocouples was 1 degrees Celsius. The difference started to widen on February 22, widened further on February 23, shrinking a little on February 24.
  2. Overall rising trend of temperatures at all thermocouples at “the bottom head” and “support skirt junction”. At 6PM on February 18, all temperatures measured at this location was below 30 degrees Celsius; at 5PM on February 24, temperatures are in the upper 30s to mid 40s.

No insight from the media there as to why this may be happening. I’ll watch TEPCO’s press conference archive later to see what TEPCO had said while I wasn’t blogging.

.

⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄

.

In other words, you need to have a new nuclear safety agency in Japan that is better equipped to handle nuclear disasters by lying more eloquently in a way that the people will believe.

Int’l nuclear experts call for transparent regulation in Japan

http://english.kyodonews.jp/news/2012/02/143705.html

By Miya Tanaka
TOKYO, Feb. 25, Kyodo

International experts tasked with advising a Japanese panel investigating the Fukushima nuclear accident stressed on Saturday the need for Japan to have not only an independent but also a transparent nuclear regulation system, as the country moves to launch a new nuclear safety agency in April.

”A very important element of what the regulator must do is to ensure openness in its activities,” Richard Meserve, former chairman of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, told the panel members in Tokyo, adding that decisions reached behind closed doors have a ”corrosive effect” on people’s confidence in regulators.

Such efforts to ensure transparency in how decisions are made and the basis for such decisions would be a key factor in restoring the current ”significant lack of trust” in the government and plant operators by the Japanese public, the president of the Carnegie Institution for Science said.

.

⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄

.

Overwork death recognized for worker at Fukushima plant

In this photo taken on June 22, 2011 and released on Thursday, June 23, 2011 by Tokyo Electric Power Co. (TEPCO), workers in protective suits set up temporary pressure gauges in the Unit 2 reactor building at the tsunami-damaged Fukushima No. 1 nuclear plant in Okuma, Fukushima prefecture. (AP Photo/Tokyo Electric Power Co.)

In this photo taken on June 22, 2011 and released on Thursday, June 23, 2011 by Tokyo Electric Power Co. (TEPCO), workers in protective suits set up temporary pressure gauges in the Unit 2 reactor building at the tsunami-damaged Fukushima No. 1 nuclear plant in Okuma, Fukushima prefecture. (AP Photo/Tokyo Electric Power Co.)

SHIZUOKA (Kyodo) — The death last May of a man who had engaged in work at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant after the nuclear crisis erupted there in March was recognized Friday as caused by overwork, according to a lawyer representing the man’s bereaved family.

A local labor standards inspection office in Yokohama, acting on a workers’ compensation claim by the family of Nobukatsu Osumi, who died of a heart attack at age 60, determined that his cardiac infarction was caused by excessive physical and mental burdens arising from working overnight wearing protective gear and mask, lawyer Akio Ohashi said.

Article continues at:

http://mdn.mainichi.jp/mdnnews/news/20120225p2g00m0dm014000c.html

.

⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄

.

Decontamination info center opens in Fukushima

http://www3.nhk.or.jp/daily/english/20120225_14.html

The Environment Ministry and Fukushima Prefecture have begun to provide people concerned about radiation with information on how to clean up contaminated property.

Officials at an information center which opened last month in Fukushima City began to assist local residents on Saturday.
They offer information about decontamination steps and giving advice on how to do the work.

At the center, radiation counters and high-pressure sprays that are needed to remove radioactive substances from houses are on display.

People who are planning to decontaminate their houses by themselves can seek advice from experts.

Visitors are taking a look at booklets published by the central and prefectural governments on effective ways to remove such substances.

A visitor said he wants to learn about cleanup work and what methods public offices are using as he lives in a contaminated area.

Masaru Moriya, who leads a task force of the environment ministry, says he hopes the center will help people in Fukushima to obtain appropriate knowledge on dealing with radiation.

Saturday, February 25, 2012 13:59 +0900 (JST)

.

⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄

.

Japanese journalist suffers from severe diarrhea after visiting Fukushima plant

Posted by Mochizuki on February 24th, 2012 · 4 Comments

Following up this article ..[LIVE] Inside of Fukushima plants (1,500 microSv/h in the bus)

A Japanese journalist, Iwakami Yasumi has been suffering from severe diarrhea since he visited Fukushima Plants.

He tweeted like this below

岩上安身
‏ @iwakamiyasumi

この3日、体調がすぐれず、特に昨日、今日と、かなり手強い下痢と腹痛。病院に行ったら、虫垂炎と診断されました。過労で免役力が低下したためだろうと。腹膜炎はまだ起こしていないので、入院、開腹手術の必要性は今はないが、自宅で安静にしつつ、絶食を火曜日まで続けること、と言い渡されました。Source

<Translation>

I’ve been sick these 3 days. Especially yesterday and today, I suffer from severe diarrhea and stomachache. My doctor diagnosed it as apendicitis. He says probably I had my immune system weaken by overworking. I still haven’t had peritonitis so no need of having open abdominal surgery, but was told to stay safe at home, don’t eat anything until Tuesday.

<End>

岩上安身
‏ @iwakamiyasumi

続き。今週末は、新潟に行き、土曜日には講演、日曜日にはトークカフェを開くことになっていましたが、下痢がひどく、外出できるような状況ではないので、新潟の皆様には、本当に申し訳ないのですが、今回は見合わせることをお許しくださいm(_ _)m。Source

<Translation>

I scheduled to go to Niigata for this weekend. Giving a lecture on Saturday and open  a talk cafe on Sunday but because the diarrhea is too terrible, I can’t even go out. I’m so sorry for the people in Niigata but please forgive me to cancel it.

<End>

岩上安身
‏ @iwakamiyasumi

この間も、数回、トイレに行ってました。もうほとんど水分。おしりが痛い。ウォシュレットだったら、どんなによかったか。Source

<Translation>

(When I was tweeting) I have been in the toilet. It’s almost like water. Ass hurts. I wish it was bidet.

<End>

岩上安身
‏ @iwakamiyasumi

病院で血液検査の結果、炎症反応は左右に広がる目盛りの右側マックスに。白血球の数は、中くらい。これからどんどん増えて、体内で戦うのだと。戦さのピークはこれからですとドクター。抗生剤の点滴、明日も。先ほどから急な発熱。寒気がブルブルと止まらず、何重にも着込む。頑張れ、おれの免役力。Source

<Translation>

I had my blood tested at hospital. Inflammation reaction was at the maximum. The white blood cell ‘s counter was about in the middle of the normal range. Doctor says, it’s going to increase and strengthen the immune system. The climax hasn’t come yet, he says. Had an injection of anti-biotics. had a sudden fever since a while ago. can’t stop shivering, wearing many clothes. Go for it, my immune system.

<End>

.

⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄❖⇄

.

http://jen.jiji.com/jc/eng?g=eco&k=2012022500194

Tokyo Govt Asks Chubu Electric to Supply Power

Tokyo, Feb. 25 (Jiji Press)–The Tokyo metropolitan government has asked Chubu Electric Power Co. <9502> to supply electricity for use at its headquarters buildings in Shinjuku Ward, informed sources said Saturday.
Through the measure, the metropolitan government may be intending to prompt Tokyo Electric Power Co. <9501> to review its planned electricity rate hikes, the sources said.
TEPCO, which serves Tokyo and surrounding areas, said last month it will raise its electricity rates for large-lot users by 17 pct on average from April to cover a surge in costs for fuel for thermal power generation as the utility faces a sharp fall in its supply capacity due to the shutdown of its nuclear power reactors following the March 11 earthquake and tsunami last year.
The Tokyo government has repeatedly stressed that it cannot accept the hike unless TEPCO takes drastic restructuring measures such as asset sales and deep cuts in costs.
Electricity consumption at the Shinjuku headquarters buildings is expected to total 40 million kilowatt-hours in fiscal 2011 that ends on March 31, with electricity bills seen to reach some 550 million yen.

(2012/02/25-15:15)

☢☢☢☢☢☢☢☢☢☢☢☢☢☢☢☢☢☢☢☢☢☢☢☢☢☢☢☢☢☢☢☢☢☢☢

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: